Training for Researchers
Training requirements will vary according to each individual’s role in conducting research as well as the nature of the research being performed.
The University of Pittsburgh utilizes two web-based training programs to facilitate education to the research community:
ISER - Internet-based Studies in Education and Research: a web-based training system developed by the University of Pittsburgh specifically for researchers, staff and students of the University.
ISER site is located at: cme.hs.pitt.edu
Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative: an organization whose goal is to develop and distribute high quality, peer reviewed educational resources for the research community. CITI training programs have become the de facto standard to meet RCR and Human Subjects Research training requirements at most institutions in the U.S. This represents an advantage for faculty who anticipate collaborating with colleagues at other institutions who also utilize CITI. Having completed the CITI programs may fulfill the requirements at your collaborator’s institution and thus eliminate unnecessary duplicative training.
Users must go through the Pitt CITI Access Portal, using www.citi.pitt.edu, to register training with the University as there is no way to register with the University directly from the CITI website.
Provost’s Requirement for All Pitt Faculty
The University of Pittsburgh requires training in Research Integrity be completed by all faculty members as described by the Provost in her October 28, 2011 memo. There are two training programs that will fulfill this requirement:
- The Research Integrity module located in University of Pittsburgh Internet-based Studies in Education and Research commonly referred to as ISER, or
- The Responsible Conduct of Research course found at the Collaborative Institutional Training Institute website hosted at the University of Miami, known as CITI. The CITI Responsible Conduct in Research course is customized for the five disciplines listed below. Any of the five discipline-specific RCR courses will fulfill this requirement.
- Biomedical Responsible Conduct of Research Course
- Responsible Conduct of Research for Engineers
- Humanities Responsible Conduct of Research Course
- Physical Science Responsible Conduct of Research Course
- Social and Behavioral Responsible Conduct of Research Course
Environmental Health & Safety Requirements
The Department of Environmental Health & Safety provides support and training to researchers. Within the body of OSHA regulations, there are more than 100 standards that contain training requirements for employers. The Department of EH&S is proactive in implementing training programs to meet these requirements, as well as to supplement and enhance environmental, health, and safety activities at the University of Pittsburgh.
Visit the EH&S web site for information about training requirements: http://www.ehs.pitt.edu
Radiation Safety Requirements
Radiation safety training is required for all personnel using radioactive materials or radiation producing equipment at the University of Pittsburgh and affiliated institutions. Training for radiation workers includes instruction in the basic principles of radiation protection and the applicable policies, procedures, and regulatory requirements.
Visit the Radiation Safety Office web site for information at: http://www.radsafe.pitt.edu
IRB’s Requirement for All Engaged in Human Subjects Research
The University’s Institutional Review Board (IRB), charged with overseeing the safety and welfare of human subjects in research, also requires Research Integrity training, but with broader elements specific to its duties and responsibilities. As announced by the IRB in March 2012, all faculty staff and students who are engaged in research involving human subjects must complete the CITI course in the Responsible Conduct of Research by March 31 of 2013. This will fulfill both the Provost’s and the IRB requirements. This certification will need to be renewed every three years.
Contact the IRB for questions or information about training at email@example.com
FDA’s Requirement for Those Engaged in Human Subjects Research
All key personnel who are involved in the conduct of FDA-regulated studies MUST ALSO complete the Good Clinical Practice (GCP) curriculum before beginning an FDA-regulated study. 'Key personnel' include the Principal Investigator and any sub- or co-investigators or study coordinators who have more than minimal involvement with the conduct of the research (i.e., they perform research procedures or evaluations and contribute significantly to the collection of the research data) and/or who have more than minimal contact with research subjects or with their identifiable study records or specimens. Note: hospital staff, including nurses, residents, or fellows, and office staff who provide ancillary or intermittent care, but do not make direct and significant contribution to the data, are not required to complete the GCP modules. The Principal Investigator is responsible to ensure this is completed.
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Requirement for Instruction in the Responsible Conduct of Research (in person training opportunities for NIH Trainees, Fellows, Scholars, and other participants)
The Clinical Translational Science Institute (CTSI) Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Training Center offers year round in person training in topics of interest for bench, clinical, and translational scientists. Geared to the postdoctoral trainee or junior faculty investigator level, research integrity instruction is delivered in a format that combines presentations by senior researchers and experts in research integrity with small group case based discussion of ethical dilemmas. Completion of CTSI RCR Workshops will satisfy the requirement for NIH trainees to participate in face to face discussion of issues of research integrity and the responsible conduct of research (NOT-OD-10-019). For more information, visit our website at www.RCR.pitt.edu.
Research Integrity Requirement for All National Science Foundation (NSF) Trainees
This Research Integrity module was designed specifically for undergraduate and graduate students and post-docs funded by NSF grants, traineeships, or fellowships.
IACUC’s Requirement for All Engaged in Animal Research
The US Government Principles Health Research Extension Act of 1985 and the PHS Policy repeatedly refer to appropriately trained, qualified, and experienced personnel, and availability of instruction and training. The institution is responsible for the training of its staff. To ensure compliance, no person can be listed on an active IACUC protocol until completion of the University's required training is verified.
Visit the IACUC web site for information about animal research training requirements: http://www.iacuc.pitt.edu/training
Conflict of Interest (COI) Requirements for All Researchers
As part of the revised Public Health Service (PHS) regulations, the federal government has mandated conflict of interest training for all investigators on projects funded by PHS agencies
. The CITI COI training course is designed for investigators using Public Health Service (PHS) funds, which includes funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Investigators using external research funds or who have disclosed outside financial interests on their Faculty/Researcher Conflict of Interest (COI) form and who do not work on any Public Health Service-funded projects (which would include any projects funded by the National Institutes of Health) must complete either the CITI or ISER COI course.
Visit the COI web site for information about COI training requirements: http://www.coi.pitt.edu/COItraining.htm.
UPMC HIPAA Privacy and Awareness Training
The ISER training module "UPMC Information Privacy and Security Awareness Training for Students, Trainees, Health Professionals and Other Individuals Who Are NOT UPMC Employees" is required for all who encounter protected health information stored at the UPMC. Direct access to PHI stored by UPMC will require authorization and additional training managed by UPMC.
ISER HIPAA Privacy Training for Accessing PHI stored at the University of Pittsburgh
The ISER module "HIPAA Privacy and Security Awareness Training for Physicians, Mid-level Providers, and Staff working in University of Pittsburgh Covered Entities" is required for all who encounter protected health information stored at the University of Pittsburgh (e.g., dental clinic, student health services, human resources).
ISER HIPAA Privacy Training for Researchers Accessing PHI stored at the University of Pittsburgh
The ISER Module "HIPAA Researchers Privacy Requirements" is required for all researchers using protected health information stored at the University of Pittsburgh (e.g., dental clinic, student health services, human resources).